Sunday, July 12, 2020

Dependency Injection in Azure Functions

In this post let's see how we can use Dependency Injection in Azure Functions. It's actually quite simple, if you are familiar with .NET Core Dependency Injection approach, it follows the same pattern. 

You just need to create a class that inherits from the abstract FunctionsStartup class (found in Microsoft.Azure.Functions.Extensions assembly) class and override its Configure method to configure the IoC container.

Now let's see that in action. I have created a HttpTrigger Azure Function App using the default Visual Studio template. There I have installed Microsoft.Azure.Functions.Extensions NuGet package.

Then I have added the below Startup class.
using Microsoft.Azure.Functions.Extensions.DependencyInjection;

namespace FunctionApp1
    public class Startup : FunctionsStartup
        public override void Configure(IFunctionsHostBuilder builder)
            // TODO: Register Services
Here you need to specify the FunctionsStartup assembly attribute to specify what's going to be the type to be used as the Startup.

Next is pretty much simple. You can register either Transient, Scoped or Singleton Services. As you already know, for transient, new service is created whenever it's requested, for Scoped, one service is created for the lifetime of the function execution and for Singleton, only one instance is created for the entire lifetime of the host.
Alternatively, you can use TryAdd counterparts of above which is available in the namespace Microsoft.Extensions.DependencyInjection.Extensions.

And then you can just inject the services in the constructor of the function class as below.
public class Function1
    private readonly IMyInterface _myInterface;

    public Function1(IMyInterface myInterface)
        _myInterface = myInterface;

    public async Task<IActionResult> Run([HttpTrigger(AuthorizationLevel.Anonymous, "get""post", Route = null)] HttpRequest req,
        ILogger log)
        log.LogInformation("C# HTTP trigger function processed a request.");

        // TODO: Use _myInterface

        return new OkResult();
Hope this helps!

Happy Coding.


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